by Open Science Repository Astronomy
It is inferable that the birth of the universe is caused by the pair creation of photon and anti-photon based on the time-energy uncertainty relation. Since photon Fνµ and anti-photon Fνµ are corresponding to positive and negative energy respectively, we can conclude that the Universe was born as the pair of photon and anti-photon. Then the photon and the anti-photon must be come into the world simultaneously. Since Fνµ = - Fνµ, they will be transmitted as an ordinary photon. If the primeval time interval is Planck-time, the primeval 4-dimensional energy can be estimated as E ≈ 10147 GeV. The transformation from the primeval photon (laser) to neutron is considered tooccur by SSB, and it can be derived that the transformation occurredat the time 10-11 seconds after the birth of the Universe.