Open Science Repository Astronomy

doi: 10.7392/openaccess.23050471


The Birth of the Universe and the Following Expansion


Akira Yotsumoto

Tokyo, Japan


Abstract

It is inferable that the birth of the universe is caused by the pair creation of photon and anti-photon based on the time-energy uncertainty relation. Since photon Fνµ and anti-photon Fνµ are corresponding to positive and negative energy respectively, we can conclude that the Universe was born as the pair of photon and anti-photon. Then the photon and the anti-photon must be come into the world simultaneously. Since Fνµ = - Fνµ, they will be transmitted as an ordinary photon. If the primeval time interval is Planck-time, the primeval 4-dimensional energy can be estimated as E ≈ 10147 GeV. The transformation from the primeval photon (laser) to neutron is considered tooccur by SSB, and it can be derived that the transformation occurredat the time 10-11 seconds after the birth of the Universe.

Keywords: cosmological model, origin of universe, time-energy uncertainty relation, CMBR.



Citation: Yotsumoto, A. (2013). The Birth of the Universe and the Following Expansion. Open Science Repository Astronomy, Online(open-access), e23050471. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050471

Received: December 2, 2103

Published: December 11, 2013

Copyright: © 2013 Yotsumoto, A. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Contact: research@open-science-repository.com



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APA

Yotsumoto, A. (2013). The Birth of the Universe and the Following Expansion. Open Science Repository Astronomy, Online(open-access), e23050471. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050471

MLA

Yotsumoto, Akira. “The Birth of the Universe and the Following Expansion.” Open Science Repository Astronomy Online.open-access (2013): e23050471.

Chicago

Yotsumoto, Akira. “The Birth of the Universe and the Following Expansion.” Open Science Repository Astronomy Online, no. open-access (December 11, 2013): e23050471. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050471.

Harvard

Yotsumoto, A., 2013. The Birth of the Universe and the Following Expansion. Open Science Repository Astronomy, Online(open-access), p.e23050471.

Science

1. A. Yotsumoto, The Birth of the Universe and the Following Expansion, Open Sci. Repos. Astron. Online, e23050471 (2013).

Nature

1. Yotsumoto, A. The Birth of the Universe and the Following Expansion. Open Sci. Repos. Astron. Online, e23050471 (2013).


doi

Research registered in the DOI resolution system as: 10.7392/openaccess.23050471.


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.