Open Science Repository Veterinary Medicine

doi: 10.7392/openaccess.23050447


In vivo antiparasitic effects of an African’s traditional plant Ocimum gratissimum (Linneaus, 1758) on fish louse Argulus spp. infesting the Nile tilapia males Oreochromis niloticus (Linneaus, 1758) in fish farming


Mamadou Kone [1], Moussa Cisse [2], Kouamé Affourmou [3], Ramona Elena Soric [4], Agathe Fantodji [1], Dan Livui Miron [4]

[1] University Nangui Abrogoua, Laboratory of Biology and Animal Cytology, Abidjan, Ivory Coast; [2] University Nangui Abrogoua,  Laboratory of Environment and Aquatic Biology, Abidjan, Ivory Coast; [3] National Laboratory for Rural Development, Veterinary Central Laboratory of Bingerville, Bingerville, Ivory Coast; [4] University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Iasi, Laboratory of Parasitology, Romania


Abstract

The crude extract of the plant Ocimum gratissimum was used to control the parasites Argulus spp. infestation on Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus by in vitro and in vivo tests, which permitted to determine plant’s efficacy, LC50 values, and the delay of antiparasitic effect. For that, the randomized design were performed into petri dishes using the crude extract of the African’s plant O. gratissimum against the parasites Argulus spp. for in vitro test toxicity, and into raceways for in vitro and in vivo tests of this plant against O. niloticus. The crude extract of the plant O. gratissimum had toxic effect to the parasite Argulus spp. with a LC50 value of 197.66 mg / L with 95 % confidence interval of 194.65 – 200.01 mg / L. For the Nile tilapia O. niloticus, the LC50 value was 1271.22 mg / L with 95 % confidence interval of 1251.20 – 1291.20 mg / L. The 36 hours 100 % efficacy of the crude extract of O. gratissimum was obtained at the concentration of 800 mg / L. The plant, O. gratissimum, had anti-parasitic effects after bath treatments, which can prevent for 3 months against high infestation of Nile tilapia by parasite Argulus spp.

Keywords: Oreochromis niloticus, Argulus spp., treatment, Ocimum gratissimum.



Citation: Kone, M., Cisse, M., Affourmou, K., Soric, R. E., Fantodji, A., & Miron, D. L. (2013). In vivo antiparasitic effects of an African’s traditional plant Ocimum gratissimum (Linneaus, 1758) on fish louse Argulus spp. infesting the Nile tilapia males Oreochromis niloticus (Linneaus, 1758) in fish farming. Open Science Repository Veterinary Medicine, Online(open-access), e23050447. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050447

Received: October 21, 2013

Published: October 30, 2013

Copyright: © 2013 Kone, M., Cisse, M., Affourmou, K., Soric, R. E., Fantodji, A., & Miron, D. L. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Contact: research@open-science-repository.com



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APA

Kone, M., Cisse, M., Affourmou, K., Soric, R. E., Fantodji, A., & Miron, D. L. (2013). In vivo antiparasitic effects of an African’s traditional plant Ocimum gratissimum (Linneaus, 1758) on fish louse Argulus spp. infesting the Nile tilapia males Oreochromis niloticus (Linneaus, 1758) in fish farming. Open Science Repository Veterinary Medicine, Online(open-access), e23050447. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050447

MLA

Kone, Mamadou et al. “In Vivo Antiparasitic Effects of an African’s Traditional Plant Ocimum Gratissimum (Linneaus, 1758) on Fish Louse Argulus Spp. Infesting the Nile Tilapia Males Oreochromis Niloticus (Linneaus, 1758) in Fish Farming.” Open Science Repository Veterinary Medicine Online.open-access (2013): e23050447.

Chicago

Kone, Mamadou, Moussa Cisse, Kouamé Affourmou, Ramona Elena Soric, Agathe Fantodji, and Dan Livui Miron. “In Vivo Antiparasitic Effects of an African’s Traditional Plant Ocimum Gratissimum (Linneaus, 1758) on Fish Louse Argulus Spp. Infesting the Nile Tilapia Males Oreochromis Niloticus (Linneaus, 1758) in Fish Farming.” Open Science Repository Veterinary Medicine Online, no. open-access (October 30, 2013): e23050447. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050447.

Harvard

Kone, M. et al., 2013. In vivo antiparasitic effects of an African’s traditional plant Ocimum gratissimum (Linneaus, 1758) on fish louse Argulus spp. infesting the Nile tilapia males Oreochromis niloticus (Linneaus, 1758) in fish farming. Open Science Repository Veterinary Medicine, Online(open-access), p.e23050447.

Science

1. M. Kone et al., In vivo antiparasitic effects of an African’s traditional plant Ocimum gratissimum (Linneaus, 1758) on fish louse Argulus spp. infesting the Nile tilapia males Oreochromis niloticus (Linneaus, 1758) in fish farming, Open Sci. Repos. Vet. Med. Online, e23050447 (2013).

Nature

1. Kone, M. et al. In vivo antiparasitic effects of an African’s traditional plant Ocimum gratissimum (Linneaus, 1758) on fish louse Argulus spp. infesting the Nile tilapia males Oreochromis niloticus (Linneaus, 1758) in fish farming. Open Sci. Repos. Vet. Med. Online, e23050447 (2013).


doi

Research registered in the DOI resolution system as: 10.7392/openaccess.23050447.


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.