Open Science Repository Sociology

doi: 10.7392/openaccess.23050489


Why ‘Ritiya’ Could Not Go To Sell Vegetables? Myth Vs Reality In Terms Of Caste, Culture & Livelihood


Chandu Lal Chandrakar

Beijing Normal University, China


Abstract

This qualitative study focuses on the challenges faced by the upper caste Brahmin women in rural areas of Katihar district by keeping a contrast on their education, cultural values, choosing means of livelihood in the milieu of ‘newly transformed rural areas’ in Bihar. With a drastically decreasing educational quality in terms of skill and the morality the message of Education translated as knowing the rights to maintain equity and equality have made the upper caste girls excluded from the government policies. They have become the target of humiliations by the constitutionally ‘lower’ but economically well-off castes and the constitutionally minority Muslims. There is a paucity of research which could reflect the suppressed voice of insecurity and psychological dependency of these women who are the integral part of 'harmonious rural transformation'.

Based on Grounded theory, this study was instrumentalized on 20 individual semi-structured interviews of the upper caste women (age 24 to 44) engaging them in an average 56 minutes of interview (longest 140 minutes and shortest 39 minutes) from the three villages at the Katihar district, Bihar province of India.

The 4 item semi-structured interview questions based on grounded theory for this study surrounded the main research question, “why Ritiya (name of a rural Brahmin girl) could not go to work or study outside their home?” from the varied dimensions of educational skill, cultural competency and the personal security. The data later were embedded in the 'Grey System Theory' (Julong Deng, 1982) to categorize them into social, cultural, occupational, political and demographic themes.

The analysis of the reported qualitative data with NVivo-10 software does reveal the agents of hindrances which keep 'this lot' of rural India economically 'handicapped' and thus as a dependent but 'commodity of honor' among their relatives or as a liberated but a commodity of sex for the rests. Understanding their problems would help international community to issue directives for the national and local governments yet activate the NGOs in the interest of this increasingly becoming marginalized community of the rural population in India.

Keywords: rural brahmin women, caste, conservation of resources theory, grey system theory.



Citation: Chandrakar, C. L. (2014). Why “Ritiya” Could Not Go To Sell Vegetables? Myth Vs Reality In Terms Of Caste, Culture & Livelihood. Open Science Repository Sociology, Online(open-access), e23050489. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050489

Received: January 20, 2014

Published: January 30, 2014

Copyright: © 2014 Chandrakar, C. L. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Contact: research@open-science-repository.com



Full text

Other download options: cloud 2; cloud 3.

You don't have a PDF plugin, but you can download the PDF file.


Cite this paper

APA

Chandrakar, C. L. (2014). Why “Ritiya” Could Not Go To Sell Vegetables? Myth Vs Reality In Terms Of Caste, Culture & Livelihood. Open Science Repository Sociology, Online(open-access), e23050489. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050489

MLA

Chandrakar, Chandu Lal. “Why ‘Ritiya’ Could Not Go To Sell Vegetables? Myth Vs Reality In Terms Of Caste, Culture & Livelihood.” Open Science Repository Sociology Online.open-access (2014): e23050489.

Chicago

Chandrakar, Chandu Lal. “Why ‘Ritiya’ Could Not Go To Sell Vegetables? Myth Vs Reality In Terms Of Caste, Culture & Livelihood.” Open Science Repository Sociology Online, no. open-access (January 30, 2014): e23050489. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050489.

Harvard

Chandrakar, C.L., 2014. Why “Ritiya” Could Not Go To Sell Vegetables? Myth Vs Reality In Terms Of Caste, Culture & Livelihood. Open Science Repository Sociology, Online(open-access), p.e23050489. Available at: http://www.open-science-repository.com/sociology-23050489.html.

Science

1. C. L. Chandrakar, Why “Ritiya” Could Not Go To Sell Vegetables? Myth Vs Reality In Terms Of Caste, Culture & Livelihood, Open Sci. Repos. Sociol. Online, e23050489 (2014).

Nature

1. Chandrakar, C. L. Why “Ritiya” Could Not Go To Sell Vegetables? Myth Vs Reality In Terms Of Caste, Culture & Livelihood. Open Sci. Repos. Sociol. Online, e23050489 (2014).


doi

Research registered in the DOI resolution system as: 10.7392/openaccess.23050489.


Submit an open review for this paper

Instructions

Main criteria reviewers should evaluate are: originality, sound methodology and data, following of universal ethical principles, scientific relevance and clear description of problems, hypotheses and results.

Names, affiliations of reviewers and personal contacts should be included at the end of the text.

Maximum text length is 10000 characters. Only serious, consistent and original reviews are accepted.



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.