Open Science Repository Physics

doi: 10.7392/openaccess.45011862


A Mechanism and High Order Derivative Theory of Gravity for Accelerating and Jerking Universe

Hui Peng

ORCID 0000-0002-1844-3163

Abstract

In 2016, scientists report that the acceleration of the expansion of the universe could be accelerating, denote as jerk. We notice that the acceleration of the expanding universe is attributed to linear-effect of gravity, and believe that the jerk is linear-effect as well. We face two tasks: (1) A single dynamic mechanism is required to explain both acceleration and jerk; (2) higher order derivative theories of gravity is needed to govern jerk. We propose a theory-independent dynamic mechanism and extend Newton’s and linearized Einstein’s theory to contain high order differential evolution equations for time-varying source, gravitational field, and movement. We show that the mechanism, (1) predicts repulsive gravitational force, explain the accelerating expansion without fine-tuning problem, and provide an explanation of the jerk; (2) provides a candidate for driving inflation; (3) suggests a new understanding of the nature of dark energy, and postulates gravitational-charge/dark energy duality. Generalized linearized Einstein’s theory predicts that the accelerated receding objects in the universe emit gravitational wave.

Keywords: accelerating universe, accelerated acceleration of universe, jerking universe, dynamic mechanism, repulsive gravity, dark energy, inflation, gravitational wave.


CitationPeng, H. (2017). A Mechanism and High Order Derivative Theory of Gravity for Accelerating and Jerking Universe. Open Science Repository Physics, Online(open-access), e45011862. http://doi.org/10.7392/OPENACCESS.45011862

Received: May 24, 2017.

Published: June 12, 2017

Copyright: © 2017 Peng, H. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Contact: research@open-science-repository.com


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APA

Peng, H. (2017). A Mechanism and High Order Derivative Theory of Gravity for Accelerating and Jerking Universe. Open Science Repository Physics, Online(open-access), e45011862. http://doi.org/10.7392/OPENACCESS.45011862

MLA

Peng, Hui. “A Mechanism and High Order Derivative Theory of Gravity for Accelerating and Jerking Universe.” Open Science Repository Physics Online.open-access (2017): e45011862. Web. 12 Jun. 2017.

Chicago

Peng, Hui. “A Mechanism and High Order Derivative Theory of Gravity for Accelerating and Jerking Universe.” Open Science Repository Physics Online, no. open-access (2017): e45011862. doi:10.7392/OPENACCESS.45011862.

Harvard

Peng, H. (2017) ‘A Mechanism and High Order Derivative Theory of Gravity for Accelerating and Jerking Universe. Open Science Repository, Online(open-access), p. e45011862. doi: 10.7392/OPENACCESS.45011862.

Science

1. H. Peng, A Mechanism and High Order Derivative Theory of Gravity for Accelerating and Jerking Universe, Open Sci. Repos. Phys. Online, e45011862 (2017).

Nature

1. Peng, H. A Mechanism and High Order Derivative Theory of Gravity for Accelerating and Jerking Universe. Open Sci. Repos. Phys. Online, e45011862 (2017).

doi

Research registered in the DOI resolution system as: 10.7392/openaccess.45011862.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.