Open Science Repository Engineering

doi: 10.7392/openaccess.23050466


Design of an Adjustable Lower Limb (ALL) Traction Device


John Kutor [1]Isaac Baffoe [1]Isaac Oppong [2]

[1] Biomedical Engineering Department, [2] Earth Science Department, University of Ghana


Abstract

In orthopedic medicine, traction is a device for straightening broken bones or relieving pressure on the spine and the skeletal system to regain normal length and alignment by application of a pulling force. In Ghana the traction device are imported and some are locally manufactured. Some problems were identified to be associated with these traction devices. These problems were addressed in the work presented in this paper by designing an adjustable traction device for the lower limbs. The device consists of two parts, the thigh and lower leg supports. The fractured or the affected leg is made to rest on the device with the thigh and the lower leg resting on their supports. The leg is then adjusted correctly and comfortably, the thigh support would then be pulled upward towards the lower leg support through an angle of about 30o. The lockers are tightened to maintain the current adjustments. Once the device is set up, the orthopedic nurse would tie the weight attached to the end of the rope to the pin inserted in the affected bone according to the instructions given by the physician. The patient would then be monitored until the fracture heals or the dislocation aligns. This device can be used with a chair or a hospital bed compared to existing locally made ones that can only be used with a hospital bed. Though limited only to the lower limbs it is simple and easy to move compared to the cumbersome, bulky imported types. 

Keywords: traction, orthopedic, muscle, limbs, musculoskeletal.



Citation: Kutor, J., Baffoe, I., & Oppong, I. (2013). Design of an Adjustable Lower Limb (ALL) Traction Device. Open Science Repository Engineering, Online(open-access), e23050466. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050466

Received: November 21, 2013

Published: December 4, 2013

Copyright: © 2013 Kutor, J., Baffoe, I., & Oppong, I. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Contact: research@open-science-repository.com



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Cite this paper

APA

Kutor, J., Baffoe, I., & Oppong, I. (2013). Design of an Adjustable Lower Limb (ALL) Traction Device. Open Science Repository Engineering, Online(open-access), e23050466. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050466

MLA

Kutor, John, Isaac Baffoe, and Isaac Oppong. “Design of an Adjustable Lower Limb (ALL) Traction Device.” Open Science Repository Engineering Online.open-access (2013): e23050466.

Chicago

Kutor, John, Isaac Baffoe, and Isaac Oppong. “Design of an Adjustable Lower Limb (ALL) Traction Device.” Open Science Repository Engineering Online, no. open-access (December 04, 2013): e23050466. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050466.

Harvard

Kutor, J., Baffoe, I. & Oppong, I., 2013. Design of an Adjustable Lower Limb (ALL) Traction Device. Open Science Repository Engineering, Online(open-access), p.e23050466.

Science

1. J. Kutor, I. Baffoe, I. Oppong, Design of an Adjustable Lower Limb (ALL) Traction Device, Open Sci. Repos. Eng. Online, e23050466 (2013).

Nature

1. Kutor, J., Baffoe, I. & Oppong, I. Design of an Adjustable Lower Limb (ALL) Traction Device. Open Sci. Repos. Eng. Online, e23050466 (2013).


doi

Research registered in the DOI resolution system as: 10.7392/openaccess.23050466.


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.