Open Science Repository Economics

doi: 10.7392/openaccess.23050463


Modelling Farmer's Choice on Child Labour and Exclusive Schooling in Cocoa Sector: Evidence from Sefwi Wiawso Municipality in Ghana


Charles Osei Dwumfour

University for Development Studies, Ghana


Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of farmers’ choice on child labour and schooling in cocoa sector and activities performed by their children on cocoa farms. The study used multinomial Logit model to consistently estimate the likelihood of the farmers’ to use the labour of their children at the expense of exclusive schooling. 

The results showed that, income of farmer, farmer’s education, age of farmer, and number of children of farmer are statistically stronger determinants influencing the probability of a farmers exploiting the child’s labour on farm against exclusive schooling and were statistically significant at 0.001, 0.001, 0.05, and 0.001 levels respectively.

The study also found out that, children belonging to cocoa farmer engage in activities including: land clearing (40%), gathering pods (78%), weeding (49%), planting (53%) felling (0.2%) cutting peg (0.6%), carrying seedlings (34%), carrying fermented beans (47%), and carrying dried cocoa beans for sale (2.9%) . 

The study therefore recommends that policy makers take into consideration the aforementioned factors when designing appropriate education and labour policies especially in cocoa producing communities.

Keywords: child labour, multinomial logit, maximum likelihood, Ghana.



Citation: Dwumfour, C. O. (2013). Modelling Farmer’s Choice on Child Labour and Exclusive Schooling in Cocoa Sector: Evidence from Sefwi Wiawso Municipality in Ghana. Open Science Repository Economics, Online(open-access), e23050463. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050463

Received: November 18, 2013

Published: November 28, 2013

Copyright: © 2013 Dwumfour, C. O. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Contact: research@open-science-repository.com



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Cite this paper

APA

Dwumfour, C. O. (2013). Modelling Farmer’s Choice on Child Labour and Exclusive Schooling in Cocoa Sector: Evidence from Sefwi Wiawso Municipality in Ghana. Open Science Repository Economics, Online(open-access), e23050463. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050463

MLA

Dwumfour, Charles Osei. “Modelling Farmer’s Choice on Child Labour and Exclusive Schooling in Cocoa Sector: Evidence from Sefwi Wiawso Municipality in Ghana.” Open Science Repository Economics Online.open-access (2013): e23050463.

Chicago

Dwumfour, Charles Osei. “Modelling Farmer’s Choice on Child Labour and Exclusive Schooling in Cocoa Sector: Evidence from Sefwi Wiawso Municipality in Ghana.” Open Science Repository Economics Online, no. open-access (November 28, 2013): e23050463. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050463.

Harvard

Dwumfour, C.O., 2013. Modelling Farmer’s Choice on Child Labour and Exclusive Schooling in Cocoa Sector: Evidence from Sefwi Wiawso Municipality in Ghana. Open Science Repository Economics, Online(open-access), p.e23050463.

Science

1. C. O. Dwumfour, Modelling Farmer’s Choice on Child Labour and Exclusive Schooling in Cocoa Sector: Evidence from Sefwi Wiawso Municipality in Ghana, Open Sci. Repos. Econ. Online, e23050463 (2013).

Nature

1. Dwumfour, C. O. Modelling Farmer’s Choice on Child Labour and Exclusive Schooling in Cocoa Sector: Evidence from Sefwi Wiawso Municipality in Ghana. Open Sci. Repos. Econ. Online, e23050463 (2013).


doi

Research registered in the DOI resolution system as: 10.7392/openaccess.23050463.


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.