Aspects of Indigenous Community Development in the Context of Regional Autonomy

by Open Science Repository Public Administration
(November 2013)


Baduy is one of a number of ethnic groups in Indonesia which are still retaining their strong cultural values. They are divided into two groups: the Inner Baduy and the Outer Baduy. The Inner Baduy hallmarked by a white dress with a white headband. The Outer Baduy dressed in black.

Number of Baduy people is 11,076 (2009) they live in the Village Baduy area, Sub-District of Leuwidamar, District of Lebak, Banten Province, while some Baduy also live in Cibengkung and Leuwidamar. They are referred to as the Islamic Baduy. New Order government put the Baduy into isolated ethnic groups, something which is contrary to the fact that researchers get relating to the Baduy people. The Baduy occupied three villages namely Cibeo, Cikeusik and Cikertawana (3C).

Since 1974, the Baduy people gradually have changed the pattern of trade by barter system, trading system using currency. Since that time the government began to establish various means to empower Baduy people especially in the field of trade. In 2001 in line with the political reforms in Indonesia, where the stronger regional autonomy with the enactment of Law No. 22/2009, Lebak district government has issued Regulation No. 32 of 2001 on the protection of the rights of indigenous Baduy. In line with this, a variety of activities of central and local governments began to be implemented for community empowerment for the Baduy, especially in economics and trade. However, the state of today's Baduy people economy in general are no better than the previous time.

Indeed there have been many changes in the Baduy community with the growing of many Baduy traders themselves which turned into “the boss”, even though it is in the domestic level of Baduy village itself, they began to familiar with porter works, daily wage laborers, and construction workers. A gap between merchants (boss) with the poorer consumers. Baduy people are now avid to money to buy daily necessities. This causes traffic and trade between the Baduy and the outers are less balanced, while the Baduy leaders still trying to preserve the cultural values contained in the ten messages of the great-grandfather. Baduy community participation in development activities are no doubt, they contribute positively in various government development program intended for Baduy people, such as terminal construction at Cibuleger, market construction at Cijahe and Cibengkung, health centers construction at Cisimeut,tc. The living principle of the Baduy is still devoted to the government through a ceremony called Seba. The ceremony is a symbol of the Baduy’s submission to the Government. The case has not been balanced with what the government has given to the Baduy. Baduy is now a part of the south Banten people wrote in Max Havelaar’s book (1857) that the South Banten is among the most poor and oppressed. This study aimed to find a variety of things that would be worth to be considered by Indonesian government for special community development strategy in Indonesia such as for the Baduy village in the sub- District of Leuwidamar.

Keywords: Baduy of Banten, indigenous people, community development, regional autonomy.

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Aspects of Indigenous Community Development in the Context of Regional Autonomy

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