Open Science Repository Agriculture

doi: 10.7392/openaccess.70081977


Saliva Urea Nitrogen (SalUN) of Bali Cattle (Bos javanicus) Fed Grass or Complete Diet: A Preliminary Study on the Utilization of Saliva as a Non-Invasive Specimen


S. N. Depamede, Dahlanuddin

Faculty of Animal Science, Mataram UniversityIndonesia


Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the possibility of saliva to be used as a medium for the measurement of blood urea (BUN) levels, as an indicator of the suitability of protein intake in ruminants. Six 2-years-old female Bali cattle (Bos sondaicus/javanicus) which divided into two groups i.e., I (n = 3) were given a ration of 90% concentrate with 10% forage, and group II (n = 3) 0% concentrate. Urea levels in the saliva (SalUN) and the BUN were measured photometrically, using a commercial kit available on the market, commonly used in a standard laboratory. There were no significant differences (P> 0.05) between SalUN and BUN in the same treatment group. Urea concentrations differed significantly (P<0.001) between two groups either saliva or blood urea. In the group I, SalUN levels were 40.07 ± 1.86 mg/dl and BUN 40.50±1.32 mg/dl, which were significantly higher (P<0.001) compared with group II: 8.33 ± 2.62 mg/dl in the saliva and 9.67 ± 3.69 mg/dl in the blood. It was concluded that saliva can be used as a non-invasive medium to measure the levels of urea as an indicator of diet quality fed by ruminants. Further study needs to be carried out with a larger sample and wider area coverage.

Keywords: saliva, urea, Bos javanicus, Bali cattle, non-invasive.



Citation: Depamede, S. N., & Dahlanuddin. (2013). Saliva Urea Nitrogen (SalUN) of Bali Cattle (Bos javanicus) Fed Grass or Complete Diet: A Preliminary Study on the Utilization of Saliva as a Non-Invasive Specimen. Open Science Repository Agriculture, Online(open-access), e70081977. doi:10.7392/openaccess.70081977

Received: June 19, 2013

Published: June 24, 2013

Copyright: © 2013 Depamede, S. N., & Dahlanuddin. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Contact: research@open-science-repository.com



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Cite this paper

APA

Depamede, S. N., & Dahlanuddin. (2013). Saliva Urea Nitrogen (SalUN) of Bali Cattle (Bos javanicus) Fed Grass or Complete Diet: A Preliminary Study on the Utilization of Saliva as a Non-Invasive Specimen. Open Science Repository Agriculture, Online(open-access), e70081977. doi:10.7392/openaccess.70081977

MLA

Depamede, S. N., and Dahlanuddin. “Saliva Urea Nitrogen (SalUN) of Bali Cattle (Bos javanicus) Fed Grass or Complete Diet: A Preliminary Study on the Utilization of Saliva as a Non-Invasive Specimen.” Open Science Repository Agriculture Online.open-access (2013): e70081977.

Chicago

Depamede, S. N., and Dahlanuddin. 2013. “Saliva Urea Nitrogen (SalUN) of Bali Cattle (Bos javanicus) Fed Grass or Complete Diet: A Preliminary Study on the Utilization of Saliva as a Non-Invasive Specimen.” Open Science Repository Agriculture Online (open-access): e70081977. doi:10.7392/openaccess.70081977. http://www.open-science-repository.com/agriculture-70081977.html.

Harvard

Depamede, S.N. & Dahlanuddin, 2013. Saliva Urea Nitrogen (SalUN) of Bali Cattle (Bos javanicus) Fed Grass or Complete Diet: A Preliminary Study on the Utilization of Saliva as a Non-Invasive Specimen. Open Science Repository Agriculture, Online(open-access), p.e70081977. Available at: http://www.open-science-repository.com/agriculture-70081977.html.

Science

1. S. N. Depamede, Dahlanuddin, Saliva Urea Nitrogen (SalUN) of Bali Cattle (Bos javanicus) Fed Grass or Complete Diet: A Preliminary Study on the Utilization of Saliva as a Non-Invasive Specimen, Open Science Repository Agriculture Online, e70081977 (2013).

Nature

1. Depamede, S. N. & Dahlanuddin Saliva Urea Nitrogen (SalUN) of Bali Cattle (Bos javanicus) Fed Grass or Complete Diet: A Preliminary Study on the Utilization of Saliva as a Non-Invasive Specimen. Open Science Repository Agriculture Online, e70081977 (2013).


doi

Research registered in the DOI resolution system as: 10.7392/openaccess.70081977.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.