Open Science Repository Agriculture

doi: 10.7392/openaccess.23050425


Ground Yellow Mealworms (Tenebrio molitor L.) Feed Supplementation Improves Growth Performance and Carcass Yield Characteristics in Broilers


Desiree A. Ballitoc [1], Sangsoo Sun [2]

[1] Research Dev’t, Extension and Training Department, Ifugao State University, Lamut, Ifugao, Philippines   

[2] Department of Animal Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju City, South Korea 


Abstract

Effects of ground yellow mealworms (Tenebrio molitor L.) as feed supplements on the growth performance and carcass yield in broilers were assessed. The study used 5 treatments at inclusion levels of 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 10% ground yellow mealworms, and replicated twice. Results showed that overall body weight gain was significantly higher in T group (1486 g) compared with control (1307 g), T (1360 g), T (1484 g) and T (1470 g) groups. Overall feed conversion ratio values were significantly better for control group (2.10) compared with T₁  (1.94), T (1.90), T₃ (1.87) and T₄ (1.72) groups, which shows a decreasing trend of FCR when the percentage of ground yellow mealworm added increases. The T group remained significantly superior (P<0.0001) over the other groups in three weight categories of the carcass yield, which are slaughter weight, dressed carcass weight and eviscerated weight. Trends were highly variable among all internal organs. However, control group showed the highest mean weight (37.63 g) as compared to all other treatments. T had the highest abdominal fat weight (P<0.0001), while T₃ had the lowest. Small intestines from T had significantly higher than all other treatments. T group showed significantly high percentage of moisture in the thigh region as compared to the control and other treatment groups, whereas T had the lowest moisture content in the breast area. T₄ group showed the highest percentage of fat for thigh and breast, 6.30% and 1.25%, respectively. There is a slight increase of protein content in the treatment groups as compared to the control group. T showed the highest percentage of protein in the breast portion of the meat. It is therefore concluded that addition of ground yellow mealworms to common feedstuff can improve the growth performance and carcass yield of broiler chickens. Specifically, inclusion level of 2% ground yellow mealworms projected the best results.

Keywords: yellow mealworms, feed supplementation, growth performance, carcass yield, broilers.



Citation: Ballitoc, D. A., & Sun, S. (2013). Ground Yellow Mealworms (Tenebrio molitor L.) Feed Supplementation Improves Growth Performance and Carcass Yield Characteristics in Broilers. Open Science Repository Agriculture, Online(open-access), e23050425. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050425

Received: September 19, 2013

Published: September 27, 2013

Copyright: © 2013 Ballitoc, D. A., & Sun, S. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Contact: research@open-science-repository.com



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APA

Ballitoc, D. A., & Sun, S. (2013). Ground Yellow Mealworms (Tenebrio molitor L.) Feed Supplementation Improves Growth Performance and Carcass Yield Characteristics in Broilers. Open Science Repository Agriculture, Online(open-access), e23050425. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050425

MLA

Ballitoc, Desiree A., and Sangsoo Sun. “Ground Yellow Mealworms (Tenebrio Molitor L.) Feed Supplementation Improves Growth Performance and Carcass Yield Characteristics in Broilers.” Open Science Repository Agriculture Online.open-access (2013): e23050425.

Chicago

Ballitoc, Desiree A., and Sangsoo Sun. “Ground Yellow Mealworms (Tenebrio Molitor L.) Feed Supplementation Improves Growth Performance and Carcass Yield Characteristics in Broilers.” Open Science Repository Agriculture Online, no. open-access (September 27, 2013): e23050425. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050425.

Harvard

Ballitoc, D.A. & Sun, S., 2013. Ground Yellow Mealworms (Tenebrio molitor L.) Feed Supplementation Improves Growth Performance and Carcass Yield Characteristics in Broilers. Open Science Repository Agriculture, Online(open-access), p.e23050425.

Science

1. D. A. Ballitoc, S. Sun, Ground Yellow Mealworms (Tenebrio molitor L.) Feed Supplementation Improves Growth Performance and Carcass Yield Characteristics in Broilers, Open Science Repository Agriculture Online, e23050425 (2013).

Nature

1. Ballitoc, D. A. & Sun, S. Ground Yellow Mealworms (Tenebrio molitor L.) Feed Supplementation Improves Growth Performance and Carcass Yield Characteristics in Broilers. Open Science Repository Agriculture Online, e23050425 (2013).


doi

Research registered in the DOI resolution system as: 10.7392/openaccess.23050425.


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.