Open Science Repository Agriculture

doi: 10.7392/openaccess.23050478


Heterosis and Combining Ability for Yield and Quality Characteristics of Chinese Corn (Zea Mays L.) Hybrids


Chiemela F. Anyanwu

College of Agriculture and Forestry, Ifugao State University, Philippines


Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the heterosis and combining ability of seven maize genotypes. Analysis of variance showed the presence of significant heterosis for all the traits evaluated 

Grain yield showed high relative mid-parent heterosis that varied from 142.30 to 328.77%. Better-parent heterosis for grain yield varied from 130.00 to 301.51% and standard heterosis ranged from -26.50 to 34.37. Quality characteristics such as protein, fat, fiber and starch contents exhibited significant to highly significant variations among the cross combinations. Variable better parent heterosis was obtained for protein and starch contents. Variances due to general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) were highly significant for all the traits studied except in plant height. Thus, both kinds of gene effects were important in controlling the inheritance of all the characters studied. 

However, the GCA:SCA ratio mostly favored SCA in most of the traits, indicating the preponderance of non-additive gene effects in the genetic control of the traits. The estimates of GCA effects revealed that four inbred lines were the best general combiners for grain yield and were good to average combiners for most of the yield component as well as quality traits. These parental lines also produced cross combinations that exhibited significant SCA effects for grain yield and quality traits. Variation due to non-additive type of gene action was greater than the variation due to additive type of gene action for most of the economically important traits evaluated. 

Keywords: heterosis, GCA, SCA, gene effect, non-additive, combining ability.



Citation: Anyanwu, C. F. (2013). Heterosis and Combining Ability for Yield and Quality Characteristics of Chinese Corn (Zea Mays L.) Hybrids. Open Science Repository Agriculture, Online(open-access), e23050478. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050478

Received: December 25, 2013

Published: December 31, 2013

Copyright: © 2013 Anyanwu, C. F. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Contact: research@open-science-repository.com



Full text

Other download options: cloud 2; cloud 3.

You don't have a PDF plugin, but you can download the PDF file.


Cite this paper

APA

Anyanwu, C. F. (2013). Heterosis and Combining Ability for Yield and Quality Characteristics of Chinese Corn (Zea Mays L.) Hybrids. Open Science Repository Agriculture, Online(open-access), e23050478. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050478

MLA

Anyanwu, Chiemela F. “Heterosis and Combining Ability for Yield and Quality Characteristics of Chinese Corn (Zea Mays L.) Hybrids.” Open Science Repository Agriculture Online.open-access (2013): e23050478.

Chicago

Anyanwu, Chiemela F. “Heterosis and Combining Ability for Yield and Quality Characteristics of Chinese Corn (Zea Mays L.) Hybrids.” Open Science Repository Agriculture Online, no. open-access (December 31, 2013): e23050478. doi:10.7392/openaccess.23050478.

Harvard

Anyanwu, C.F., 2013. Heterosis and Combining Ability for Yield and Quality Characteristics of Chinese Corn (Zea Mays L.) Hybrids. Open Science Repository Agriculture, Online(open-access), p.e23050478. Available at: http://www.open-science-repository.com/agriculture-23050478.html.

Science

1. C. F. Anyanwu, Heterosis and Combining Ability for Yield and Quality Characteristics of Chinese Corn (Zea Mays L.) Hybrids, Open Sci. Repos. Agric. Online, e23050478 (2013).

Nature

1. Anyanwu, C. F. Heterosis and Combining Ability for Yield and Quality Characteristics of Chinese Corn (Zea Mays L.) Hybrids. Open Sci. Repos. Agric. Online, e23050478 (2013).


doi

Research registered in the DOI resolution system as: 10.7392/openaccess.23050478.


Submit an open review for this paper

Instructions

Main criteria reviewers should evaluate are: originality, sound methodology and data, following of universal ethical principles, scientific relevance and clear description of problems, hypotheses and results.

Names, affiliations of reviewers and personal contacts should be included at the end of the text.

Maximum text length is 10000 characters. Only serious, consistent and original reviews are accepted.



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.